Can Ix and PHRs Address the IOM’s “Crossing the Quality Chasm” Challenge?
The IxCenter published a white paper a few years ago entitled, “The Ix Evidence Base: Using Information Therapy to Cross the Quality Chasm” (available at http://www.ixcenter.org/publications/whitepapers.cfm). In it, we detailed the emprical evidence that supports the Ix role in addressing each of the 10 rules that Institute of Medicine (IOM) laid out for health care delivery system redesign.
As Ix has matured, we have found new ways that Ix has directly addressed the IOM/Quality Chasm call to action. Perhaps most importantly, the IOM’s first rule for system redesign was to have “Care based on continuous healing relationships.” Rather than just interacting with health care professionals in traditional visits specific to a particular acute issue, people should have mechanisms for ongoing contact wherever and whever they need it.
In this graphic, iom-rule-1-continuous-cycle-w-20.ppt, I offer one way to think about how Ix can advance continuous healing relationships. Specifically, Ix for visit preparation can be used to better prepare patient and clinician for an in-person clinical encounter. Since we know that 50% to 80% of everything a doctor tells a patient is completely forgotten by the time the patient gets home, the Ix after-visit summary is critically important for reinforcing the key pieces of information that transpired during the visit. Through PHRs and other patient-centered HIT tools, Ix can then be delivered for health promotion, risk reduction and ongoing care management to help maintain a continous cycle of care.
It raises some questions worthy of discussion…
Efficacy of the Model: Does you think this model works? Can it move us from episodic, disjointed encounters with the delivery system to continuous healing relationships?
Reimbursement and Infrastructure: Does an infrastructure exist to support this cycle of care? Does the current reimbursement system create too many perverse incentives to prevent this model from flourishing? Can the patient-centered medical home model (being advocated by the primary care medical societies and others) provide an effective mechanism for encouraging this kind of care delivery?
Fit with Health 2.0 Innovations: What do you think about the potential role of the various Health 2.0 activities (e.g., targeted search, content tagging, social networks, etc.) that I have laid on top of this model? Are there new tools that exist (or will soon) that will help to get us there more quickly than working through the traditional care delivery system?
I’ll be interested in your thoughts.